When it comes to micro molding or micro injection molding, many think the process is simply injection molding for small, intricate parts. However, standard injection molding processes
usually do not work when parts are smaller than a pellet of resin, have thin walls or micro features. Other factors come into play including mold design and expert mold fabrication, and the materials being used.
To put size into perspective, micro molding encompasses:
Today, the need for micro molding applications is rapidly increasing, in part due to advancements in technology and scientific research. With medical devices becoming less
invasive, and portable and wearable health devices gaining popularity the need for small, highly precise components and parts has increased. Micro molding can be used to manufacture parts for these devices meeting the need for fine features, thin walls, micro holes, tight tolerances and scalability to high volume production.
The enabling factors for successful micro molding and micron tolerances is tooling, mold design, and mold fabrication. When high precision is needed, it’s vital to have industry-leading machining capabilities and experts who can manipulate fabrication to achieve sub-micron tooling capabilities. These precision tools are then processed side-by-side with the master tool builder and process engineers who have over 1,000 successful projects to pull from in creating the next solution. Lastly, the molded components and/or automated sub-assemblies are combined with state-of-the-art metrology to create a capable, validated process.
In addition, it’s fundamental to have these processes in-house to ensure the integrity of the component, as well provide the highest-level accuracy and surface finish possible. It’s virtually impossible to outsource this skill set along with those needed for mold making. In fact, critical discussions regarding datum structure, from designing the mold to programming the CT scanner
and automation, start with a solid mold design and a plan to achieve single-micron-tolerance components and assemblies.
Micro molding has no limit to the materials and fillers that can be utilized with normal sized pellets.
Additives and fillers can be added to a material to change its properties and make it more desirable by making the material stronger, or more flexible and easier to shape, or prevent the plastic from breaking down.
Fillers and additives include: